The process of writing an academic essay consists of several stages:
Reflection, reading, note-taking;
Perfection of the written.
What is important for the essay writer?
Reliance on sources, monographs, articles, textbooks, lectures (listed in order of importance). Before making a link to an electronic resource on the Internet, make sure that the site (the author of the article) you want to refer to is really authoritative, belonging to a well-known university or scientific school. Analysis of concepts, approaches, methods and results of research. Demonstration of understanding the complexity of the problem. Logical thinking. Justification of the author’s position. Emotional neutrality.
The problem is posed after you start reading.
“Strategic reading” 2-3 key articles, 8 10 articles developing the topic in an interesting direction.
“Anti-reading” it is important to include in the list for reading one or two case studies that have the opposite point of view.
“Draw a circle” the content of the topic can cover a wide range of problems that require a large volume of literature. In this case, you can make a decision according to which you will cover and illustrate only certain aspects of the topic. You will not have problems with the content, if you do not go beyond the outlined circle, and your choice will be fully justified, and you can back it up with relevant evidence. Make a plan, break it into sub-headings, “subheadings” and “sub-sub-subheadings”. Try to minimize the number of definitions (say three or four) with a brief description of them (one sentence is enough). Filling the content of the sections with your argument (corresponding subtitles), limit within the paragraph to consideration of one main idea. To write a draft of the work, you can also apply the method of sequential numbering of all paragraphs. When writing an essay, it is extremely important how and which empirical data and other sources are used. All data is correlated with a specific topic, problem and question, so before using them, make sure that they correspond to the topic and issue. When quoting, always take the text in quotes and give an exact reference to the source. Do not forget to send a reference to the source, even if you pass the text in your own words, give a brief summary of it or rephrase it. Trying to give out other people’s thoughts for their own will be considered plagiarism. When you prepare a CV message about the views of a particular author or authors who are polemicizing with one another, reference to the source is also necessary. For example; “According to Sen “Criticism of Sen Nolan shows that Do not refer to works that you have not read yourself; the only exception to this rule may be the case if you refer to the author citing another author, then you can say: ‘As Saint writes (1983. p.26, cited in Nolan, 1993, p.104)
Verification and improvement
When writing a draft, your main task is to develop an argument, refine the basic ideas and arrange them in a strict sequence, accompanying them with illustrative materials or auxiliary data, etc. After writing the first option, let him rest for a day or two, and then go back to work on checking and improving, on a “fresh head”. Ask questions to the text and answer them (the criterion of evaluation is the convincing answers): Does the essay you write coincide with your intentions in the field of work structure and analysis? Is it coherent and convincing? Is the data used enough? relevant data? Are they effectively used? etc. Read from the opponent’s point of view. Check the stylistics (checking spelling, punctuation, etc.) and consistency (meaningfulness). If something is wrong do not be lazy to remake!