Book Review

Proposals in the review should be laconic and simple. Avoid the eloquent adverbial turns, superfluous epithets, complex structures. We follow the course of thought, try to put one thought into one small paragraph. Carefully and accurately we build reasoning. If the style of review does not involve a clearly expressed subjective position of the reviewer, we sacrifice our feelings and thoughts in favor of pure information.

We share our position and objective criteria. The book can be objectively good, but boring for you personally, and vice versa – objectively flawed, but subjectively charming. If everyone around us says that the book is brilliant – we do not have to agree, however, to object too. Even the most respected critic should not be portrayed as the supreme judge, the prophet in the literary fatherland and the ultimate truth. His opinion is his personal, honest opinion. Not more, but no less.

Write a laudatory or abusive review for material or non-material goods – you can. But it’s not worth the money.

Most writers perceive critical reviews without due enthusiasm. At first glance, it may seem that these are their problems, but a quarrel with a couple of serious masters can greatly spoil the life of the referee, reducing his prospects to acquire a list of regalia and publications in a fantastic field. Up to the heights from which you can express yourself without a twinge of conscience on the head of any writer who has turned up without looking back at the ranks and regalia, we are still far away – a niche of evil critics is densely occupied by the motherly titans of the spirit. Yes, and the position is unsweet: the usual referee lives much calmer. Therefore, remember how not to quarrel with the authors.

Reviewing and criticizing the work, we do not criticize the author and the more we do not climb into his personal life, religious and political views, bad habits, illnesses and weaknesses. If we do not have an exact quote from an interview with the author, we can only guess and guess what “the author wanted to say”, “what the author meant”. We use an elementary psychological method – “I-position” or “on-position”, speaking on behalf of myself or the abstract reader: “I saw in the text such and such a sense”, “the reader will find the position of the author provocative because of this and so” – and the wolves are full, and the writer is not offended, and there is nothing to complain about.

How to write an essay correctly?

The process of writing an academic essay consists of several stages:

Reflection, reading, note-taking;



Perfection of the written.

What is important for the essay writer?

Reliance on sources, monographs, articles, textbooks, lectures (listed in order of importance). Before making a link to an electronic resource on the Internet, make sure that the site (the author of the article) you want to refer to is really authoritative, belonging to a well-known university or scientific school.  Analysis of concepts, approaches, methods and results of research. Demonstration of understanding the complexity of the problem. Logical thinking. Justification of the author’s position. Emotional neutrality.

The problem is posed after you start reading.

“Strategic reading” 2-3 key articles, 8 10 articles developing the topic in an interesting direction.

“Anti-reading” it is important to include in the list for reading one or two case studies that have the opposite point of view.

“Draw a circle” the content of the topic can cover a wide range of problems that require a large volume of literature. In this case, you can make a decision according to which you will cover and illustrate only certain aspects of the topic. You will not have problems with the content, if you do not go beyond the outlined circle, and your choice will be fully justified, and you can back it up with relevant evidence.  Make a plan, break it into sub-headings, “subheadings” and “sub-sub-subheadings”. Try to minimize the number of definitions (say three or four) with a brief description of them (one sentence is enough). Filling the content of the sections with your argument (corresponding subtitles), limit within the paragraph to consideration of one main idea. To write a draft of the work, you can also apply the method of sequential numbering of all paragraphs. When writing an essay, it is extremely important how and which empirical data and other sources are used. All data is correlated with a specific topic, problem and question, so before using them, make sure that they correspond to the topic and issue. When quoting, always take the text in quotes and give an exact reference to the source. Do not forget to send a reference to the source, even if you pass the text in your own words, give a brief summary of it or rephrase it. Trying to give out other people’s thoughts for their own will be considered plagiarism. When you prepare a CV message about the views of a particular author or authors who are polemicizing with one another, reference to the source is also necessary. For example; “According to Sen “Criticism of Sen Nolan shows that Do not refer to works that you have not read yourself; the only exception to this rule may be the case if you refer to the author citing another author, then you can say: ‘As Saint writes (1983. p.26, cited in Nolan, 1993, p.104)
Verification and improvement  
When writing a draft, your main task is to develop an argument, refine the basic ideas and arrange them in a strict sequence, accompanying them with illustrative materials or auxiliary data, etc. After writing the first option, let him rest for a day or two, and then go back to work on checking and improving, on a “fresh head”. Ask questions to the text and answer them (the criterion of evaluation is the convincing answers): Does the essay you write coincide with your intentions in the field of work structure and analysis? Is it coherent and convincing? Is the data used enough? relevant data? Are they effectively used? etc.  Read from the opponent’s point of view. Check the stylistics (checking spelling, punctuation, etc.) and consistency (meaningfulness). If something is wrong do not be lazy to remake!

How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay

The main task of a comparative essay is to describe two completely different or similar objects that have several common and distinctive features.

The purpose of this work is to identify the main features of comparable objects, new information about them, advantages and disadvantages and the formulation of certain recommendations or abstracts.

Choosing a theme, you can choose two subjects of the same category, but with some differences – here your task will be to search for nuances, search for small benefits (for example, fresh or frozen vegetables)

You can also dwell on two extreme objects like dolphins and elephants (the difference is obvious, however, they both have a phenomenal memory, and so on)

Still, you can choose something quite similar, however, it differs according to certain characteristics (such as a film created  according to the plot of the book or vice versa)

Make sure you have what to say. Or rather, prepare enough information about both objects. Think about how useful your comparison is. Foe example , if you write about books, in which of them the leading idea is more clearly expressed, or which of the books is more edifying?

Identify the main points Prepare the equal number of pros and cons  of each object. Remember that you do not have to convince the reader of superiority one over  another. You must allow him or her to choose himself, providing enough information for thinking and making choice.


Coursework is an indispensable element of the learning process and is performed to check the students ability to apply them in practice. It is clear that the work must be done independently with the available individual style of presentation of info.

Coursework involves consistency in writing:

Title page. It represents the first page of the course, is carried out according to certain rules that exist in the university.

Content. Includes all the elements of the course work with the mandatory insertion of the pages from which the sections begin. Headings of sections and paragraphs should be precisely observed in the table of contents. Abbreviations, carrying words are not allowed.

Introduction. It represents one of the main parts of the course, because it is here that the main goals and tasks of the work are formulated, the object of research and the object is concretized.

The relevance of the topic contains the main evidence and arguments related to determining the practical significance of the problem that is being investigated in the course work.

The wording of the goal and tasks implies the definition of the purpose of the research, in fact, what the work will be devoted to. Given the goal, research tasks are formed. As a rule, one of the items of the course project corresponds to each task.

The object of research is an area within which the analysis is performed.

The subject of the study is usually within the object and the course work is oriented toward it.

The definition of research methodology – usually has a classic definition, which boils down to the claim that a similar method was used by scientists from the field of research. Among the methods most often in the course work are used system analysis, statistical, analytical methods, generalizations, peer reviews, comparisons.

Scientific novelty must necessarily be present in the course work, because this is scientific work, research and presuppose any kind of development.

Often the introduction is used as an introductory speech on the protection of the course work, only it is necessary to add the results of the analysis and practical recommendations.

Tips how to write a course project for the night

Tip 1. Stop panic and pull yourself together!

Tip  2. In any case, the main thing is the plan.

Making a plan is already half the battle. Here it is worth bearing in mind that, as a rule, 2-3 chapters are written in the main part, don’t forget the introduction and conclusion, the list of literature and content. As for the main part, one chapter usually contains theoretical information, and the second – practical.

Tip  3. Collect information.

At this stage, it will be lucky to those who are allowed to choose course topics by yourself. In this case, you can go “the opposite way”: from searching for information to formulating the topic. If the topic is specifically given to you, then we try to sift the Internet as much as possible to search for information on your course

Tip  4. Practical part.

At this stage it will be especially difficult for students of technical universities. But advice to you from a person who has written course papers on the last night: plagiarism is your salvation. We search in the network for maximum such calculations or drawings. In our time, computer technology does not have to pore at night over the glass and table lamp, copying the engineering drawing from a neighbor in the hostel: corrected the appropriate “source” in the graphics editor – ready.

Tip 5. Introduction and conclusion.

Strangely enough, we write an introduction at the end, because we will start from what we have. We must clearly understand that the introduction formulates the main objectives of the course, and concludes with summaries and answers to the questions stated in the introduction. Treat these sections with the utmost care, since the teachers, just like you, are far from workaholics and reread all the coursework, many of them do not even think. Review the introduction, conclusion.

Tip 6. Final.

About how to register the work, you will be told the requirements in the methodologies of your universities, and the basics of working with MS Word and the printer you probably know. Break a leg!